Mandragora or Mandrake

A plant which was supposed to have various magic properties, a belief arising out of the likeness of its roots to the human form. Mandragora was also the name of the ghost of a devil, who appeared as a tiny black man, beardless and with unkempt hair. For the primitive mind, the mandrake represented the soul in its negative and its minimal aspects.  


In Egypt, the lotus symbolizes nascent life, or first appearance. In the Middle Ages it was equated with the mystic “Centre” and, consequently, with the heart. The eight-petalled lotus is considered in India as the Cerntre where Brahma dwells and as the visible manifestation of his occult activity. The “thousand-petalled” lotus symbolizes the final revelation; in the centre there is usually a triangle and inside the triangle is the “great emptiness” symbolic of formlessness. The lotus flower growing out of the navel of Vishnu, symbolizes the universe growing out of the central sun – the central point or the “unmoved mover”.


The rooster, as the bird of dawn, is a positive, solar symbol, announcing the arrival of the new day. It is a sacred animal of Apollo, Mars and Mercury. Immolated to Priapus and Aesculapius, it was supposed to cure the sick. During the Middle Ages it became a highly important Christian image, nearly always appearing on the highest weathervane, on cathedral towers and domes, and was regarded as an allegory of vigilance and resurrection. The cock announcing the sunrise is sometimes associated with the Resurrection of Christ. The rooster is also as an emblem of light dispelling darkness and announcing the light of Christ as it rises in the East. The rooster is a symbol of pride because of its appearance. Recently it became an emblem of France since the word gallus, meaning the cock, is similar to Gallic. The rooster as a Masonic symbol is a sign of vigilance and the advent of the initiation light. It corresponds to the alchemical mercury.