Ibis is related to the Egyptian god of wisdom, magic, astronomy, medicine, scribes – Thoth. The belief was that he taught the Egyptian people the occult arts and sciences.
He was assimilated to the Greek god Hermes and some of his esoteric characteristics were attributed to Hermes Trismegistus, the author of the Hermetic Corpus.
The shape of his beak symbolizes the crescent Moon.
In the Book of Job the ibis has a power of divination, he can predict the floods of the Nile river.
The symbolism of the cross is complex. Like the Tree of Life, the cross stands for the world axis. Placed in the mystic Centre of the Cosmos, it becomes the bridge for the soul to reach God. The cross affirms the primary relationship between the two worlds of the celestial and the earthly. It also stands for the conjunction of opposites. Hence its significance as a symbol for agony, struggle and martyrdom. When the cross is T-shaped, it emphasizes the near-equilibrium of the opposing principles. Continue reading Cross
Angels are invisible forces, mediators between God or the Source of Life and the World. They are purely spiritual creatures, sometimes having ethereal body, playing the role of messengers, guardians, protectors, etc. Angels form the Army of God, his Court, his House. They play an important role in the Bible. They are organised in hierarchies of seven Orders, nine Choirs and three Triades. Their hierarchy depends on their proximity to the throne. Six-winged angels are called Seraphs. They surround the throne of God. The three main Archangels are Michael (winner of the dragons), Gabriel (messenger and initiator) and Raphael (guide of the doctors and travelers). In alchemy, the angel symbolizes sublimation, the ascension of a volatile (spiritual) principle.
One of the ideas of the alchemy is that every human being is a hermaphrodite – within every man there is a spiritual woman and within every woman there is a spiritual man. In addition, there is also a dragon. Every ordinary man leads a dragon and every man must eventually slay that dragon. In alchemy the Sun-male is often called the King and the Moon-female – the Queen. The King and the Queen together are sometimes as lovers, sometimes as a hermaphrodite. It’s a symbol of harmony, whole man and whole woman.
Within the human being Sulphur -Fire – (located in stomach and sexual parts) represents the will forces, Salt – Water – the thinking forces, and Mercury the heart forces or the emotional life of man. A union of three is a well-balanced, moral man. Mercury is a mediator balancing Sulphur and Salt.
The symbols of the four elements: Air as a chameleon (in medieval times it was believed that the chameleon ate only air) or the form of a bird; Fire as a salamander; Water as a fish, sometimes as water flowing in a stream or from a water jug; Earth as a squirrel. Spirit and soul were often visualized as linked with Water, while the body was associated with Earth.
Seven metals in Alchemy: gold, silver, mercury, copper, iron, tin and lead. Each of these was linked to a particular planet: gold – Sun; silver – Moon; mercury – Mercury; copper – Venus; iron – Mars; tin – Jupiter; lead – Saturn. Seven days of the week were also associated with the planets and metals. It was believed that the planets and metals existed inside every human being. The balance between these made up the human temperament, personality and even physical appearance. It was believed that there are seven different types of person, linked with the seven planets or metals.