Lily of the Valley symbolizes Advent and Incarnation of Christ. It also represents purity of the Virgin Mary. That’s why sometimes it appears in Annunciation scenes. The valley signifies the World and the lily represents Christ. It is also related to the Tree of Life of Eden in the Song of Songs. It renders the pure life, promise of immortality and salvation. Every year it announces the arrival of spring. It stands for humility because of its corolla facing down.
Symbolism of the spider is closely related to its practice of weaving a web. In the Bible as well as Koran it is said that a house of a spider is very fragile. In Greek mythology it is associated with the myth of Arachne, a woman known for her weaving skills. Athena, the Goddess of the Supreme Mind, is protectress of the art of weaving. Arachne, a young mortal woman from Lydia, was also a very talented weaver and she challenged the Goddess herself. Athena transformed her into a spider.
The negative symbolism of the spider is predominant in many cultures. In Christian culture it’s an image of the tempting devil, who weaves his web and captures the souls of vicious men. It also represents deception. In other cultures, especially Western Africa, the spider is considered as the demiurge who prepared the matter for the first humans, created the Sun, the Moon, the stars.
Weaving the reality, the spider is the protector of the destiny, it also has a divinatory function. Because of the spiral shape of its web, it stands for creation and development, the wheel and its center.