352px-lucas_cranach_the_elder_adam_and_eveApple is related to knowledge conferring immortality or distinctive knowledge causing the fall. In Alchemy, the Golden apple is a symbol of sulfur. Apple contains in its center a five-pointed star or pentagram, that’s why it was considered as a symbol of knowledge and freedom. Being spherical in shape, the apple signifies totality. It symbolizes earthly desires, the warning to Adam and Eve not to eat the forbidden apple in the Garden of Eden, came from the God, as a warning against materialistic desire. The intellect or the thirst for knowledge is an intermediate zone between earthly desire and pure spirituality. Continue reading Apple


last-supperThe symbolism of the cat is very heterogeneous, balancing between positive and negative elements. This can be explained by its ability to be kind and malicious at the same time. The cat is usually attributed to witches because of its ability to see in the dark. In Egypt cats were worshipped in the form of Goddess Bastet, the divine cat. In late medieval period the terrible demons were really debased pagan gods, like the triple-headed demon Haborym. His cat head is derived from the Egyptian pagan goddess Bastet who is also associated with fire because she and her sister Bubastis killed the serpent Apep by burning him in flames. In Greece and Rome the cat was sacred to Diana, a lunar deity. Diana turned herself into a cat to escape Typhon. In Christian culture the cat belongs to both sides: the devil and darkness, on one hand, and Jesus Christ, on another hand, when compared to a hunter of souls. It is also an attribute of the Virgin Mary because according to the legend the night Christ was born, a cat bore a litter of kittens. Sometimes it represents treachery in the Scenes of the Last Supper, when pictured at the feet of Judas. For example, in Jacopo Bassano’s painting The Last Supper (1542), Giuseppe Vermiglio’s  Last Supper (1622), the cat is contrasted with the dog as a symbol of conflict and enmity. It is also a symbol of liberty.

Lily of the Valley

Annunciation by Bartholomaus ZeitblomLily of the Valley symbolizes Advent and Incarnation of Christ. It also represents purity of the Virgin Mary. That’s why sometimes it appears in Annunciation scenes. The valley signifies the World and the lily represents Christ. It is also related to the Tree of Life of Eden in the Song of Songs. It renders the pure life, promise of immortality and salvation. Every year it announces the arrival of spring. It stands for humility because of its corolla facing down.