Symbolism of the spider is closely related to its practice of weaving a web. In the Bible as well as Koran it is said that a house of a spider is very fragile. In Greek mythology it is associated with the myth of Arachne, a woman known for her weaving skills. Athena, the Goddess of the Supreme Mind, is protectress of the art of weaving. Arachne, a young mortal woman from Lydia, was also a very talented weaver and she challenged the Goddess herself. Athena transformed her into a spider.
The negative symbolism of the spider is predominant in many cultures. In Christian culture it’s an image of the tempting devil, who weaves his web and captures the souls of vicious men. It also represents deception. In other cultures, especially Western Africa, the spider is considered as the demiurge who prepared the matter for the first humans, created the Sun, the Moon, the stars.
Weaving the reality, the spider is the protector of the destiny, it also has a divinatory function. Because of the spiral shape of its web, it stands for creation and development, the wheel and its center.
In occultism man is a miniature image of the cosmos – man is a microcosm. In astrology it is called zodiacal man where each sign of the zodiac is linked to the body of man. Continue reading Zodiacal man
The Moon has a rich and complex symbology in different cultures and civilizations. The different phases and its reflection of the Sun’s light are the main factors characterizing the Moon. It is a symbol of transformation, periodicity, renewal and biological rhythms. The Moon is also considered as the passage from life to death and from death to life.
The Moon symbolizes an indirect knowledge, theoretical knowledge (related to the symbolism of an owl), it stands for yin (the Sun is yang); it is passive and receptive. It stands for water and cold (the Sun is fire and heat), the North and the winter.
As having ability to cause the rain and water, it also symbolizes fecundity; it is a chalice containing the beverage of immortality.
The Moon is frequently mentioned in Koran. In Islam there are two calendars: Solar for agricultural reasons and Lunar for religious purposes. The phases of the Moon symbolize death and resurrection.
In astrology the Moon symbolizes the passive principle, fecundity, night, humidity, subconscious, imagination, dreams.
Different goddesses in myths, legends and cults who represented the Moon were Isis, Ishtar, Artemis, Hecate, etc.
In Baltic mythology the Moon is a masculine principle. It is the God of night light, a husband or a brother of the Sun.
In Tarot, the Moon is the XVIII Major Arcane. Two dogs pictured in the card represent the animals of Artemis, the lunar huntress, and Hecate. The crayfish has been often associated with the Moon, it stands also for the astrological sign Cancer which is a domicile of the Moon and favors return to the self and examination of conscience. The crayfish is also a symbol of fecundity. As the Egyptian scarab it has a function of devouring what is transitory- the volatile element in alchemy – and contributing to moral and physical regeneration. The Moon card is divided into three separate parts: astral or etheric, terrestrial and aquatic. According to Wirth, behind the towers is a land, behind that is a forest, beyond that there is a mountain and a precipice bordering purifying water. This seems to suggest the route followed by the shamans on their ecstatic journeys.
Horse is one of the oldest symbols. And its visual symbolism starts with cave paintings what are 35000 years old. Horse importance to human civilization was huge for tens of thousands of years. First it was a pray. Later it was domesticated. And was the most important mans helper until industrial age. It was next to our ancestors through peace times and wars. And together with the dog a horse is the best friend of a man.
Horse was associated with sun and moon, water and fire. In indoeuropean culture horse was the one who was leading soles in underworld. A raider on a white horse going from east to west is a very common symbol in Europe. It is a sole racing from sunrise side to sundown side from the east side (kingdom of living) of the Nile to the west side of the Nile (Pyramids and kingdom of the dead). Horse appears in Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Chinese, Indian, Baltic, Catholic and other religions and mythologies.
As owls avoid light they symbolise sadness, obscurity, melancholy.
In Greek mythology it is an interpreter of Atropos (Morta as Roman equivalent), one of the Fates who cuts the thread of the destiny. As a symbol of wisdom, it was a bird of Athena.
In Egypt it represents cold, night and death.
In Baltic mythology, owl is a bird of the Death Goddess Giltine (from the verb gelti – to sting). In the beginning, Goddess had the form of this bird. Owl’s scary voice predicted disasters: death, fire, birth of an illegitimate baby. The owl was also a bird of darkness, night, the Goddess of the Moon. On the other hand, the owl was a sacred bird, wise, solving important human problems.
In Rigveda the owl was the prophet of death and the bird of the dead.
In Egypt scorpion represents one of the first hieroglyphs and gives his name to on of the predynastic rulers – the King Scorpion.
In Greek tradition, scorpion is the avenger of Artemis and of Diana in Roman mythology. Offended by Orion, the Goddess sent scorpion to sting his heel. After death, Orion was changed into a constellation. For this service, scorpion also deserved to become a constellation. Accordingly, Orion constantly escapes from Scorpion.
In astrology, scorpion is the eighth sign of Zodiac (23 October – 21 November). At this time Nature prepares to a new form of existence. Scorpio is the symbol of resistance, fermentation and death, strength, hardness, struggles. This part of sky is presided by the planet Mars.
Scorpion evokes the fall of nature and vegetation, the return of raw material (Materia Prima) into chaos until the humus prepares the rebirth of life.
Jesus said in the Gospel: “Behold, I have given you power over unclean spirits to treat upon serpents and scorpions and every diabolical power and to cure every decease and every infirmity [Lk. 10:19 and Matt. 10:1].
The symbolism of lizard could be related to the snake. Different nations possess these expressions: lazy as lizard or lazy as grass-snake. Snake is an eternal rival of man, but lizard, in contrary, is seen as a friendly animal. In Egypt the image of lizard signified benevolence and kindness.
In the Bible the lizard is called a tiny creature but very wise. His long immobility enjoying the sun is the symbol of contemplative ecstasy.