Rooster

The rooster, as the bird of dawn, is a positive, solar symbol, announcing the arrival of the new day. It is a sacred animal of Apollo, Mars and Mercury. Immolated to Priapus and Aesculapius, it was supposed to cure the sick. During the Middle Ages it became a highly important Christian image, nearly always appearing on the highest weathervane, on cathedral towers and domes, and was regarded as an allegory of vigilance and resurrection. The cock announcing the sunrise is sometimes associated with the Resurrection of Christ. The rooster is also as an emblem of light dispelling darkness and announcing the light of Christ as it rises in the East. The rooster is a symbol of pride because of its appearance. Recently it became an emblem of France since the word gallus, meaning the cock, is similar to Gallic. The rooster as a Masonic symbol is a sign of vigilance and the advent of the initiation light. It corresponds to the alchemical mercury.

Spider

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Symbolism of the spider is closely related to its practice of weaving a web. In the Bible as well as Koran it is said that a house of a spider is very fragile. In Greek mythology it is associated with the myth of Arachne, a woman known for her weaving skills. Athena, the Goddess of the Supreme Mind, is protectress of the art of weaving. Arachne, a young mortal woman from Lydia, was also a very talented weaver and she challenged the Goddess herself. Athena transformed her into a spider.

The negative symbolism of the spider is predominant in many cultures. In Christian culture it’s an image of the tempting devil, who weaves his web and captures the souls of vicious men. It also represents deception. In other cultures, especially Western Africa, the spider is considered as the demiurge who prepared the matter for the first humans, created the Sun, the Moon, the stars.

Weaving the reality, the spider is the protector of the destiny, it also has a divinatory function. Because of the spiral shape of its web, it stands for creation and development, the wheel and its center.