The Moon has a rich and complex symbology in different cultures and civilizations. The different phases and its reflection of the Sun’s light are the main factors characterizing the Moon. It is a symbol of transformation, periodicity, renewal and biological rhythms. The Moon is also considered as the passage from life to death and from death to life.
The Moon symbolizes an indirect knowledge, theoretical knowledge (related to the symbolism of an owl), it stands for yin (the Sun is yang); it is passive and receptive. It stands for water and cold (the Sun is fire and heat), the North and the winter.
As having ability to cause the rain and water, it also symbolizes fecundity; it is a chalice containing the beverage of immortality.
The Moon is frequently mentioned in Koran. In Islam there are two calendars: Solar for agricultural reasons and Lunar for religious purposes. The phases of the Moon symbolize death and resurrection.
In astrology the Moon symbolizes the passive principle, fecundity, night, humidity, subconscious, imagination, dreams.
Different goddesses in myths, legends and cults who represented the Moon were Isis, Ishtar, Artemis, Hecate, etc.
In Baltic mythology the Moon is a masculine principle. It is the God of night light, a husband or a brother of the Sun.
In Tarot, the Moon is the XVIII Major Arcane. Two dogs pictured in the card represent the animals of Artemis, the lunar huntress, and Hecate. The crayfish has been often associated with the Moon, it stands also for the astrological sign Cancer which is a domicile of the Moon and favors return to the self and examination of conscience. The crayfish is also a symbol of fecundity. As the Egyptian scarab it has a function of devouring what is transitory- the volatile element in alchemy – and contributing to moral and physical regeneration. The Moon card is divided into three separate parts: astral or etheric, terrestrial and aquatic. According to Wirth, behind the towers is a land, behind that is a forest, beyond that there is a mountain and a precipice bordering purifying water. This seems to suggest the route followed by the shamans on their ecstatic journeys.
Day of the week: Monday