In Roman mythology Jupiter himself changed into a swan to seduce Leda. Helen of Troy and her brother Pollux were born later. It is a sacred animal to Apollo, as the god of music, attribute of the muses Erato and Clio. Swan also lead Venus’s chariot. Since antiquity it has been associated with the music, it was believed that swans sang sweetly just before dying. In contrast with the crow, which symbolizes night, the swan represents the light of day. In medieval bestiaries the swan was a symbol of hypocrisy because of its black flesh in contrast of white plumage. The main meanings are love, purity, virtue, hypocrisy. In the Tarot card The day of Judgment, the closest constellation to this enigma is the Swan of Leda, the final Conjunction. In Alchemy, swan is considered as a symbol of mercury. It represents the mystical union of opposites (water-fire), the Androgyne.
In occultism man is a miniature image of the cosmos – man is a microcosm. In astrology it is called zodiacal man where each sign of the zodiac is linked to the body of man. Continue reading Zodiacal man
The Moon has a rich and complex symbology in different cultures and civilizations. The different phases and its reflection of the Sun’s light are the main factors characterizing the Moon. It is a symbol of transformation, periodicity, renewal and biological rhythms. The Moon is also considered as the passage from life to death and from death to life.
The Moon symbolizes an indirect knowledge, theoretical knowledge (related to the symbolism of an owl), it stands for yin (the Sun is yang); it is passive and receptive. It stands for water and cold (the Sun is fire and heat), the North and the winter.
As having ability to cause the rain and water, it also symbolizes fecundity; it is a chalice containing the beverage of immortality.
The Moon is frequently mentioned in Koran. In Islam there are two calendars: Solar for agricultural reasons and Lunar for religious purposes. The phases of the Moon symbolize death and resurrection.
In astrology the Moon symbolizes the passive principle, fecundity, night, humidity, subconscious, imagination, dreams.
Different goddesses in myths, legends and cults who represented the Moon were Isis, Ishtar, Artemis, Hecate, etc.
In Baltic mythology the Moon is a masculine principle. It is the God of night light, a husband or a brother of the Sun.
In Tarot, the Moon is the XVIII Major Arcane. Two dogs pictured in the card represent the animals of Artemis, the lunar huntress, and Hecate. The crayfish has been often associated with the Moon, it stands also for the astrological sign Cancer which is a domicile of the Moon and favors return to the self and examination of conscience. The crayfish is also a symbol of fecundity. As the Egyptian scarab it has a function of devouring what is transitory- the volatile element in alchemy – and contributing to moral and physical regeneration. The Moon card is divided into three separate parts: astral or etheric, terrestrial and aquatic. According to Wirth, behind the towers is a land, behind that is a forest, beyond that there is a mountain and a precipice bordering purifying water. This seems to suggest the route followed by the shamans on their ecstatic journeys.
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