Salamander belongs to amphibians. Ancient authors ascribed fantastic features to this animal. It was believed to be able to survive in fire and was even identified with the element fire. They could also extinguish fire with the frigidity of their bodies. Egyptians had the hieroglyph Salamander which signified a man dead from cold. Some authors explain that this association with fire was invented because of the constant moisture on the skin of salamander and the milky juice it could produce if affronted. Others think that this description appeared from the fact that salamanders live in volcanoes. This creature was considered as very poisonous. It could instantly poison wells and orchards. French king Francis I chose salamander for his emblem. In medieval iconography it represented the man who never lost the peace of his soul (went through the fires of passion) and who was confident in God despite all troubles. So it corresponded to chastity, virginity, loyalty. It was also identified with Christ who would baptize the world with fire flames. In Alchemy Salamander was a symbol of a stone fixed in red (sulfur).