Spider

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Symbolism of the spider is closely related to its practice of weaving a web. In the Bible as well as Koran it is said that a house of a spider is very fragile. In Greek mythology it is associated with the myth of Arachne, a woman known for her weaving skills. Athena, the Goddess of the Supreme Mind, is protectress of the art of weaving. Arachne, a young mortal woman from Lydia, was also a very talented weaver and she challenged the Goddess herself. Athena transformed her into a spider.

The negative symbolism of the spider is predominant in many cultures. In Christian culture it’s an image of the tempting devil, who weaves his web and captures the souls of vicious men. It also represents deception. In other cultures, especially Western Africa, the spider is considered as the demiurge who prepared the matter for the first humans, created the Sun, the Moon, the stars.

Weaving the reality, the spider is the protector of the destiny, it also has a divinatory function. Because of the spiral shape of its web, it stands for creation and development, the wheel and its center.

 

Owl

As owls avoid light they symbolise sadness, obscurity, melancholy.

In Greek mythology it is an interpreter of Atropos (Morta as Roman equivalent), one of the Fates who cuts the thread of the destiny. As a symbol of wisdom, it was a bird of Athena.

In Egypt it represents cold, night and death.

In Baltic mythology, owl is a bird of the Death Goddess Giltine (from the verb gelti – to sting). In the beginning, Goddess had the form of this bird. Owl’s scary voice predicted disasters: death, fire, birth of an illegitimate baby. The owl was also a bird of darkness, night, the Goddess of the Moon. On the other hand, the owl was a sacred bird, wise, solving important human problems.

In Rigveda the owl was the prophet of death and the bird of the dead.