Regarded with suspicion by many cultures. In Ancient Germanic cultures, it represented slander and wickedness. In the Christian imagination the squirrel is seen as a symbol of Satan and evil in general. It can also have a reputation for greed and avarice. It has also been represented as a pet, especially in portraits of women from the fourteenth century onward.



In Roman mythology Jupiter himself changed into a swan to seduce Leda. Helen of Troy and her brother Pollux were born later. It is a sacred animal to Apollo, as the god of music, attribute of the muses Erato and Clio. Swan also lead Venus’s chariot. Since antiquity it has been associated with the music, it was believed that swans sang sweetly just before dying. In contrast with the crow, which symbolizes night, the swan represents the light of day. In medieval bestiaries the swan was a symbol of hypocrisy because of its black flesh in contrast of white plumage. The main meanings are love, purity, virtue, hypocrisy. In the Tarot card The day of Judgment, the closest constellation to this enigma is the Swan of Leda, the final Conjunction. In Alchemy, swan is considered as a symbol of mercury. It represents the mystical union of opposites (water-fire), the Androgyne.


As owls avoid light they symbolise sadness, obscurity, melancholy.

In Greek mythology it is an interpreter of Atropos (Morta as Roman equivalent), one of the Fates who cuts the thread of the destiny. As a symbol of wisdom, it was a bird of Athena.

In Egypt it represents cold, night and death.

In Baltic mythology, owl is a bird of the Death Goddess Giltine (from the verb gelti – to sting). In the beginning, Goddess had the form of this bird. Owl’s scary voice predicted disasters: death, fire, birth of an illegitimate baby. The owl was also a bird of darkness, night, the Goddess of the Moon. On the other hand, the owl was a sacred bird, wise, solving important human problems.

In Rigveda the owl was the prophet of death and the bird of the dead.